What is proctitis?
Proctitis is an unpleasant condition when the lining tissue of the inner rectum becomes inflamed. It leads to discomfort and pain. If you have proctitis, you may experience the continuous sensation that you need to defecate. The symptoms of proctitis can be short-lived, but sometimes, this problem may become chronic. Many factors may cause proctitis; people with inflammatory bowel diseases are at risk. The condition is treated by lifestyle changes and medications.
Causes of proctitis
In most cases, proctitis is caused by other medical conditions. They include the following:
- Crohn’s disease;
- ulcerative colitis;
- sexually transmitted infections;
- anal trauma;
- rectal infections;
- radiation treatment for cancer.
Nearly 30 percent of people who have inflammatory bowel disease have proctitis too.
Symptoms of proctitis
Proctitis can cause various unpleasant and painful symptoms. They usually include the following:
- a feeling that you need to have a bowel movement;
- rectal bleeding;
- rectal pain;
- a feeling of fullness in your rectum;
- pain with bowel movements.
If you notice bleeding and mucus in a bowel movement, severe pain, and diarrhea, seek immediate medical treatment.
Proctitis can lead to serious complications, such as severe bleeding and anemia. If you have diarrhea, you also may be dehydrated. So if you experience weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath, and headaches, go to emergency room as soon as possible.
What to do to ease proctitis symptoms
Certain lifestyle changes may help relieve your pain.
- Change your diet. Try to avoid spicy, acidic, and fatty foods. A bland and soft diet may ease proctitis pain. Drink plenty of water to soothe the passage of stool. Avoid caffeinated sodas, coffee, and tea as they can irritate your digestive system.
- Track your symptoms. Keep a food diary to have an accurate picture of what you eat every day. It will help you detect your triggers. For example, if you spot that your symptoms are worse after you drink milk, you may try lactose-free dairy products.
It is very important to report all your symptoms to your doctor as soon as possible as early treatment helps prevent complications.
This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.
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